What Are Hemorrhoids?
Before coming to the cure of hemorrhoids, let us have a brief overview of the definition of the disorder, “hemorrhoid”. The veins that are located in the lowest area in the anus and the rectum are called hemorrhoidal veins. Because of any cause, the blood vessels in the rectum swell, these swollen blood vessels are called the hemorrhoids located in the rectum. Now, when the blood vessels swell, the vein walls will become thin, stretched and irritated by passing bowel movements. Hemorrhoids can be either internal or external.
Internal hemorrhoids are located too far inside the rectum that can’t be seen and felt. Internal hemorrhoid doesn’t hurt much until and unless hemorrhoid enlarges or prolapses. Usually, the internal hemorrhoids recede into the rectum by their own, but if they don’t, then they could be pushed back gently in their place. Now, the external hemorrhoids are located inside the anus, and they are often painful. It can be easily seen and felt if it prolapses to the outside. Sometimes, there are blood clots formed inside the prolapsed external hemorrhoids producing an immense amount of pain. This condition is termed as thrombosis.
Causes of Hemorrhoids
About 30% to 40% of the people in between the ages 20 and 50 will suffer from hemorrhoids at some point, but the bad news is that the causes can still not be specifically stated by the researchers.
- One possibility is that the weaker veins that lead to hemorrhoids may be a hereditary character.
- Another possibility can be the extreme abdominal pressure (caused by various factors such as sitting or standing for long periods, pregnancy, obesity, vomiting, coughing, sneezing and holding breath while straining) that can cause the swelling of veins and thus making them susceptible to irritation.
- A diet high in processed foods is more likely to be a cause of hemorrhoids about a high-fiber diet.
Prevention and Treatment of Hemorrhoids
The itching and pain from hemorrhoids are irritating and annoying. There are many things to do at home that can help to reduce the itching and pain. These tips will also keep the hemorrhoids from getting worse.
Avoid constipation and take preventative measures for it so that the hemorrhoids can be stopped even before forming.
- Use a high- fiber diet. It can soften the stools, and its passage in the body is very easy. You can have a high fiber content in many things like cereals, vegetables, fresh fruits, whole-grain bread and beans. Do add the fiber slowly so that you may not accumulate gas and bloating.
- Keep stools soft and for that purpose, you may stay well hydrated. Water is the best choice to help to ease the passage of stools.
- Exercise is a must. You have to keep moving and for that purpose, you may do brisk walking for about 20 to 30 minute daily to keep you from stopping up.
- Ask your doctor to recommend you any stool softener or laxative so that going to the bathroom becomes easier for you. The prescription might be to take them for a short time.
- You must not hold it in and go to the bathroom whenever you feel the need to. The stool can back up and can lead to more pressure and straining. So as soon as you feel the urge, go to the bathroom.
Easing the itching and pain
There are certain treatments that can be opted to remove or reduce the discomfort that you may face because of hemorrhoids.
- One pretty good suggestion is to take warm baths. You may soak in a bathtub for about 20 minutes in a few inches of warm water. Doing this 2 to 3 times a day and after every bowel movement would be pretty good. Afterward, don’t rub or wipe hard, rather pat gently.
- Rubbing with different wipes and creams to soothe the pain and itching can also be significant to provide relief.
- You can also ice the target area for getting relief. Putting a small piece of ice on the hemorrhoid area several times a day can help you in reducing the pain and swelling and can provide you with a short-term relief.
- Painkillers can also be helpful in the treatment of hemorrhoid soreness. Ibuprofen and acetaminophen can help in this regard.
Feel better- soothe yourself
You must feel better, and there are a lot of things that you can do to feel better.
- Stay comfortable and try to make yourself feel better. While you go to the bathroom, raise your feet. You may place them on a stool or a stack of phonebooks as this changes the position of your inner workings and ultimately, makes your bowel movements easier.
- Sitting on any cushion instead of any hard surface shall surely ease the swellings and pain of hemorrhoids. It would also prevent new ones from forming.
- Keep your affected area clean. Do wash it daily and for that purpose use unscented soap and warm water. To dry it, pat slowly. If it feels better, use a blow dryer too.
- Now talking about the comfortable clothing, if you want to ease the swellings for hemorrhoids, then cotton would be the best choice in this respect. Wear a loose and a soft underwear. This is done to air out your affected area and also helps to stop the moisture from building up which can prove to be bothersome for the hemorrhoids.
Follow the Precautions and the Prevention Tips
So, the article has explained the key points that can be helpful in reducing the itching and pain of hemorrhoids. Do follow the precautions and also, the tips to prevent it from growing further. You will get healed sooner. Just don’t make things worse, take measures to help with the itching and pain and calm yourself and relax. Be comfortable in your all life activities and surely, you will succeed in stopping or curing your hemorrhoids.