What is UTI?
UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infection. The chances of UTI are more in women as compared to men. Some experts say that the risk of women getting a urinary tract infection is as high as 1 in 2. There are many women who repeatedly suffer from many infections, sometimes lasting for years. This guide will inform you about the UTI and how to handle it and how to prevent yourself from getting a UTI infection.
The causes of UTI in Women
Women are often told to wipe from front to back after using the bathroom. The key reason is the UTI. The urethra is the tube transporting urine from bladder to the outside of the body. It is located close to the anus. Now, bacteria like E. coli from the large intestine invade the urethra after escaping from the anus. From urethra, they travel up the bladder. If the infection is not treated in time, then the bacteria shall continue to infect the kidneys. Women have shorter urethras thus bacteria will have a quick access to the bladder. This is the reason women are more prone to the UTIs. After having sex, the bacteria shall have been introduced in the urinary tract too.
Symptoms of UTI
There are different symptoms of UTI. Do keep a check on the following symptoms.
- A burning feeling comes while you urinate.
- An intense or very frequent urge to urinate and when you do it, then a very little comes out.
- A frequent pain in the lower abdomen and the back.
- A strange smelling urine or dark, cloudy and bloody.
- Feeling shaky and tired.
- Chills or fever (A sign that the infection may have reached the kidneys)
Treatment of UTI
As soon as you feel the first symptoms of a UTI i.e. burning and pain while you urinate, act promptly because if acted promptly over the first symptoms, then an early UTI could be possibly cured easily. Try the following treatments that will stop the infection from getting worse:
- As soon as you receive the first symptoms of a UTI, start drinking lots of water. Doctors recommend taking in a lot of fluids while you receive first symptoms of a UTI so that the urine is less concentrated and also the infection causing bacteria are washed out.
- You must be urinating frequently and completely so that your bladder has been emptied.
- To relieve the pain, you may lay a heating pad over your genital area but make sure that you are not going to sleep with the heating pad still on. Never sleep while you have heating pad placed upon.
- You may also take a hot bath for relieving pain.
Treatment of recurring UTIs
In the case of recurrent uncomplicated UTIs, the doctor may write you a standing prescription for antibiotics if you are feeling the symptoms of a UTI. Now, if this approach is fine for you as well as your doctor, then after observing the first symptoms of UTI, ask for instructions from your doctor and follow them. Do watch your symptoms and keep your doctor informed. Also, tell your doctor about the progress that the symptoms haven’t improved yet or that you have started having UTIs more frequently than you used to have in the past.
Tests and treatments
If you feel like having the symptoms of a urinary tract infection, then don’t waste your time and quickly head towards your doctor. You will be asked to submit your urine sample for a checkup that whether it contains the UTI causing bacteria or not. And talking about the treatment, it is going to be the normal antibiotics procedure to kill the intruders. The prescribed cycle of medicine must always be completed even if you have started to feel better. Meanwhile, do flush the bacteria from your system. So, drink lots of water. The doctor may prescribe medication to you that would be helpful in relieving you from the pain, and a heating pad would also be very helpful. Now, if you have been suffering from more than 3 UTIs in a single year, then ask your doctor to recommend a proper special treatment plan for you. Some of the treatment options have been listed down:
- To help to prevent repeated infections, the patient may be taking a low dose of an antibiotic over a longer period.
- Sex is a common infection trigger. So, taking a single dose of an antibiotic after sex would be a pretty good prevention idea.
- Every time the symptoms appear, you must take antibiotics for 1 or 2 days.
- When the symptoms of UTI are coming out, then it would be better to keep a urine test kit at home.
The tests are available to you without the prescription, and they can help you in determining that whether you would be heading towards your doctor or not. Now, if you are on antibiotics, you should regularly check whether they have cured the infection or not. Have proper tests in this regard. If the test is positive, then contact your doctor. If your symptoms are continuing even after a negative test result, then again you need to contact your doctor and demand his prescription. Do take note that you have to complete the prescription whenever it does end.
Preventing UTI- Reinfection
Now, if you have cured of a UTI, then you need to make sure that you are not going to get infected again. For that purpose, some of the tips are mentioned below:
- Empty your bladder completely and frequently as soon as you feel the requirement go.
- Take in a lot of fluids
- Wipe from front to back
- Urinate after sex to flush the bacteria that may have entered your urethra
- Before sex, Cleanse your genital area.
By adhering to the prescription of the doctor and the tips in this article, you can surely get rid of UTI.